Cancer is when abnormal cells divide in an uncontrolled way. Some cancers may eventually spread into other tissues. Cancer begins with gene changes in a cell or a few cells. These changes in cells can happen over a person’s lifetime. Abnormal cells then divide and multiply in an uncontrolled way over a period of time and this can cause a tumour to form. (For more information on ‘what is cancer?’ click here.)
Everyone has a certain chance of developing cancer, but evidence shows that there are some things that can increase our chances of developing cancer. Age, gender, genes, environment and lifestyle factors can all influence your risk of developing cancer.
REMEMBER Not all cancers are preventable, but some lifestyle changes can help ‘stack your odds’ against developing some cancers.
Don’t smoke/stop smoking
Maintain a healthy amount of body fat/weight
Be physically active
Eat a balanced/nutritious diet, with plenty of wholegrains, fruit and veg.
Limit alcohol intake
Take care in the sun/never use sunbeds
Use vaccinations, where available, e.g. HPV vaccination
For more info on our Health Improvement services, which aim to help you make lifestyle changes, click here.